More than just a headache, migraine is a neurological condition that can cause intense head pain along with a variety of other symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, numbness or tingling, difficulty speaking, temporary vision loss, and seeing shapes or flashing lights.
The causes of migraine aren’t fully understood, but they may have something to do with changes in brain chemicals and the brain’s interaction with the trigeminal nerve, as well as genetics and environmental factors.
If you get migraines, you should work with your doctor to develop a personalized treatment plan. In the meantime, here are some tips that can help you manage the condition and relieve your symptoms.
If you get a sudden, severe headache or any new or unusual symptoms such as fever, confusion, or problems seeing or speaking, head to the emergency room right away. You may be having a stroke or another medical emergency.
The first step toward managing your migraines is identifying what triggers them. The easiest way to do this is to keep a diary in which you record the details of all of your migraines over the course of several months. You can find headache diary apps and printable templates online to help with this. Generally, it’s useful to note the day and time the pain began, what you ate and drank in the hours before the attack, how much you slept, and the severity and duration of the headache.