Diabetes: Diet and weight loss may reduce need for blood pressure drugs

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In a study of people with type 2 diabetes and obesity on a low energy replacement diet within a structured intensive weight loss program, 28% of participants could stop blood pressure medication for at least 2 years.
The main adverse reaction that participants reported were mild to moderate dizziness.
Researchers concluded that long-term support is essential to maintain weight loss.

Diabetes is a common and serious medical condition, affecting approximately 463 million peopleTrusted Source worldwide in 2019. People with a condition called metabolic syndrome are about five times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Metabolic syndromeTrusted Source consists of a constellation of clinical findings defined by the presence of at least three of the following:

elevated blood pressure (hypertension)
abdominal obesity
impaired glucose tolerance
insulin resistance,
increased triglycerides
low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (“good cholesterol”)
People who develop type 2 diabetes have a greater chance of having a heart attack, stroke, chronic kidney disease, nerve damage (neuropathy), and eye disease (retinopathy).

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